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Contents

  1. Back to the rough ground : Wittgenstein and ordinary language
  2. ‘BACK TO THE ROUGH GROUND!’ WITTGENSTEINIAN REFLECTIONS ON RATIONALITY AND REASON
  3. "Back to the rough ground!" Wittgenstein, essentialism, and feminist methods
  4. Wittgenstein, Language and Information: "Back to the Rough Ground!" - David Blair - Google книги
  5. Freely available
Kant's Dove & Wittgenstein's Ice-Walker

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Blair 1 1. University of Michigan Business School. Personalised recommendations. Cite paper How to cite? Wittgenstein said this was about: "Getting back to the rough ground".

Every word has a meaning, it stands for something. Wittgenstein had accepted Augustine's way but later realized that context is needed to truly understand a word. Wittgenstein said that we restrict words if we try to define them out of their context.

Back to the rough ground : Wittgenstein and ordinary language

He said: "philosophical problems arise when language goes on holiday". Essentially, Wittgenstein is saying that taking language out of context renders it often useless and at the very least, hard to understand fully. He recognized that words have many different uses in different contexts.

Words have meaning only in the context of a game. Whilst watching a football soccer match, this philosophical idea occurred to Wittgenstein. If a person with no prior knowledge of football is watching a game, to him it will seem very random and meaningless. For it to take meaning, he must first understand the rules of the game: there are two opposing sides, each has eleven players, each is trying to score against the other by putting the ball in the opposite net etc.

Once he understands the overall context of the game then the men running around chasing a ball no longer seem mad but have meaning in the game. So too, concluded Wittgenstein, is it with language. If one does not understand the context of the language and the rules that are imposed upon the specific discourse, then essentially, one cannot understand the words in their truest form.

‘BACK TO THE ROUGH GROUND!’ WITTGENSTEINIAN REFLECTIONS ON RATIONALITY AND REASON

He acknowledged that people who understand the rules of one game i. He famously gave away his inheritance and spent significant parts of his life, not in bustling Vienna or in intellectual Cambridge where he was a Fellow and Professor in Philosophy , but in remote Austrian villages and the Norwegian countryside. Over the years, Wittgenstein would often retreat to his hut, going on long walks and working on manuscripts that would later be published as the Philosophical Investigations and Culture and Value , among others.

I will come back to this after discussing her project in more detail and after explaining the cause of her not being entirely satisfied with the trip. She starts her expedition with a map drawn by Wittgenstein himself, but this map is very minimal and Estep cannot completely wrap her head around that fact.

"Back to the rough ground!" Wittgenstein, essentialism, and feminist methods

Her map is printed on the reverse of the side with the official Skjolden area map where Wittgenstein's own drawing is reprinted as well, along with an even more minimal map drawn by the owner of a nearby campsite. Estep has also supplemented her drawing with several pictures she took during the hike. They are printed alongside her map, with lines connecting them to points on the trail. Again, she recounts a mixed experience.

Wittgenstein, Language and Information: "Back to the Rough Ground!" - David Blair - Google книги

The route starts out on an unmarked dirt road, crosses a stream and continues through a number of muddy fields. Of the hut, only the stone foundation and a cellar remain, but they are becoming more and more overgrown by the surrounding vegetation. Estep, in short, takes Wittgenstein to be an anti-philosopher. Wittgenstein maintained that many or even most philosophical problems arise from a misuse of language.

These problems have nothing to do with the things themselves, but everything with our speculating about them outside of everyday language games. Instead of joining other thinkers in their speculative endeavors, therefore, Wittgenstein set out to free philosophers from their self-inflicted confusion.


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Stanley Cavell has for instance pointed out that Wittgenstein does not think there are hard and fast rules as to what counts as an instance of ordinary language, and that he accordingly is not trying to lay down what other philosophers can and cannot say. This is often taken to mean that whereas philosophy concerns itself with the nature or essence of things, Wittgenstein will have nothing to do with this.

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In the grip of this pre conception, philosophers traditionally assume that even if everyday phenomena are characterized by complexity and ambiguity, the essence of these things must be simple and exact, and must accordingly be found somewhere beneath or behind the messiness of the everyday. Instead of enabling philosophers to approach their subject matter with an open mind, this requirement limits the outcome of philosophical investigations beforehand.

It makes philosophers blind to the fact that there is more to meaning than reference, say, or that there is more to man than mind.